It is a sensitive issue in The Hague: the state pension age. You will soon have to work until you are 67, because the pensions of the elderly should be paid.In the Netherlands, the total size of the 65+ group will grow to one million. The reason of ageing is that people live longer and the number of births are reducing (CBS, 2016).
Number of factors
The baby boom is a phenomenon of the 50s and 60s. In this time a lot of babies where born. So this is one of the social developments that caused ageing. The baby boom generation will soon retire, which will cause many retirees. Also the medical progress is a factor of ageing by improvements in nutrition, health, medicine and you have the development of contraception. By improved techniques for the prevention of pregnancy, less children are born. (Mens en samenleving, 2014)
Ageing is a social megatrend, because this trend has changed the norms and value system of society. CBS expects a growth of the Dutch population over 1 million people in the coming decades. The growth of the Dutch population is found mainly in the increase in the number of elderly (over 65). The number of children and adolescents (0-20 years) will fall, but otherwise remain about the same over the next 50 years. (CBS, 2010). So there is hardly any further hazing but an increase of ageing.
The mega trend in the trend pyramid is ageing. This is the cause of life expectancy and the rise of baby boomers. The number of children per family declines. According to CBS the average number of children was 3,1 in 1960 and has fallen to 1,7 in 2016 (CBS,2016). This decreases leads to a different demographic. The result is that there are many more elderly people and fewer young people in the future.
The maxi trend inside the mega trend is the end of the welfare state. That means that the state has no longer the primary responsibility. There are not yet found concrete solutions to the ageing problem. Now the ‘ younger ‘ generation should be handed more and more money to save money for the care of the elderly (Nationaal Kompas Volksgezondheid, 2014). An example of this is the retirements. The younger generation can’t stop working at his 67th because they have to pay for the care of the elderly and their retirement.
A micro-trend inside this pyramid is that the children should care of the elderly people in the future. Within the current situation, there is already to little space for the elderly. Also the conditions of the care homes are no longer optimal because of the lack of money and staff within the care sector. With the upcoming ageing population it will only get worse. Due to the approaching end of the welfare, the children will have take care of their parents, like many years ago.
Because people live longer and there are relatively fewer younger people, the state pension might soon disappear. Should the government pay for it or are the citizens responsible for themselves?
@Larissa van der Tang
CBS, Centraal bureau voor de Statistiek. (2010). Tempo vergrijzing loopt op. Retrieved September, 13 https://www.cbs.nl/nl-nl/nieuws/2010/50/tempo-vergrijzing-loopt-op
CBS, Centraal bureau voor de Statistiek. (2016). Pensioenleeftijd voor negende jaar omhoog. Retrieved September, 13 https://www.cbs.nl/nl-nl/nieuws/2016/09/pensioenleeftijd-voor-negende-jaar-omhoog
Mens en samenleving. (2014, 2 June). De kansen van de vergrijzing. Retrieved September, 13, http://mens-en-samenleving.infonu.nl/sociaal/115447-de-kansen-van-de-vergrijzing.html
Nationaal Kompas Volksgezondheid. (2014, 23 June). Vergrijzing: Wat zijn de belangrijkste verwachtingen voor de toekomst? Retrieved September, 13, http://www.nationaalkompas.nl/bevolking/vergrijzing/toekomst/