Marleen Weissenburger – 1662856 – Megatrend globalization.
When you ar at the supermarket and you take a look around you can see products from all over the world. Wine from Spain, olive oil from Greece and meat from America. The same goes for shopping. When was the last time you wore a shirt made in Holland? Probably a long time ago. Your shoes are made in Malaysia, your shirt in Bangladesh and your pants are from Thailand. Your phone is from Japan or China and you have a car that’s made in Germany or Italy. The nations of the world have become increasingly interconnected over the past decades. And you can see it everywhere.
As a result of this proces, everything that happens on the planet has effect on something else. For example: if South-Africa suffers from drought, the orange prices in Holland increase. It seems like the world is becoming one community instead of different countries. A so called global village.
The rapidly developing technology has made exchanging products, information, money and data very easy. This reduces the economic barriers between different countries. This results in a more connected world where borders are slowly fading.
Due to globalization multinational corporations like McDonald’s, Coca-Cola, Samsung, and H&M are expending . You can eat a Big Mac in almost every country on earth. Globalization also changes immigration. Countries are changing: we have different religions, food and music. We are already introduced to new cultures and habits and that makes immigrating much easier. It leads to a multicultural society.
Globalization is not new. Historically, people have left their surroundings and traveled to distant lands for four main reasons. The desire and need to discover and control other countries has been a reason to travel to other countries for a long time. Just like traveling for trade. For thousands of years traders spread their goods all over the world. Armies have concurred new countries, and ruled them for years. They integrated their own habits, culture and people into these countries. This is comparable to what is happening with te world right now.
Those who support globalization point out that free trade enables companies from the rich industrialized countries to invest in poorer countries, providing jobs to local citizens and improvements to infrastructure.They point to examples such as China. As a result of opening its markets to the world, China’s economy can claim an increase in per capita personal income from $1,420 in 1980 to $4,120 by 1999.
Many multinational corporations divide their production process over different countries. Take a shirt from Nike for example. The fabric is made in Italy, then the shirts go to China. In China they sew the shirt. And in Bangladesh the nike logo is being printed on the shirts. It’s almost unbelievable that this is cheaper then producing the shirt at one place.
They point to examples such as China. As a result of opening its markets to the world, China’s economy can claim an increase in per capita personal income from $1,420 in 1980 to $4,120 by 1999.
People who are against globalization say that company’s from the rich industrialized countries don’t care about improvements for the poor countries. The only thing they do is exploit the people who work for them. They have to work long days in bad circumstances. Due to these people, Nike can sell their shoes very cheap.
As yo u can see, there are many sides to globalization. Some people think it’s best if we become one big village with nog trade and economic barriers. Other people think the rich will only get richer and that they will exploit the poor.
Globalization is a mega trend, it is changing the way we think. We are getting more used to other cultures and people. The trend is at it’s top right now. And maybe even decreasing a little bit. Products from our own country are getting popular again. And the awareness about sweatshops for example is growing. Because everything is so international at the moment, people want to go back to ”how thing were”. But despite that I don’t think globalization is over because the bigger part of the world experiences the benefits of a global village.
What do you think? Is globalization a good thing?
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