Urbanisation

For the first time in human history, most of us live in urban settlements. Cities become more and more important in the world economy. Whilst in 1800 just two percent of the world population lived in the cities, and in 1950 there was around thirty percent living there.

These days it’s a little different. We see an acceleration in the urbanisation. Every week there are 1.5 million more people that live in cities. This means that by 2030 sixty percent of the whole world will live there. We see the term alot in upcoming countries in Asia and Africa for example. But in Europe we also follow this trend. For instance the number of people that live in London grows twice as fast as the rest of the U.K. Obviously this increase urban population all over the world isn’t only because of the natural growth, it has alot to do with the fact that people are migrating to the cities. Natives aswell as the migrants. [1] Here is an interactive map of the Urban Growth in the last decades:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/world/06/urbanisation/html/urbanisation.stm

This rapid growth of urbanisation asks its price to the infrastructure for example. Also there is more need for medical care in the cities. Let alone food, energy, safety etc. However worldwide just a half percent of the earth’s surface is actual city, the people who live there consume seventy five percent of the natural resources [1]. This is quite troublesome if you think of the future.

Urbanisation is definitely a mega trend not only because it has been around for decades, it also influences our whole world. Economicly wise, socialy wise etc. The more mankind is living together in a city, the more the world adapts. Globalization plays a big part in this ofcourse since that would be less common if there was less urbanisation. It’s more likely people will migrate or work in different countries if there is a big city where they can reside. While the population of the world’s cities will likely double in size between now and 2050, rising oil prices and carbon constraints make urban sprawl increasingly untenable. Eradicating it in favour of liveable, accessible, multi-centred, high-density cities should become a shared global commitment. [2]

You might like the fact that there will be more and more people moving to the cities. But do you think it brings possible dangers along the way?

Written by Olmo A. Borsboom (1666984)

 

[1] Teunisse P., Versnellende verstedelijking,  Retrieved on 23 – 9 – 2016 from: http://www.pwc.nl/nl/megatrends/urbanisatie.html

[2] Swilling M., 12- 7 – 2016, The curse of urban sprawl: how cities grow, and why this has to change, Retrieved on 23 – 9 – 2016 from: https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/jul/12/urban-sprawl-how-cities-grow-change-sustainability-urban-age

Tharoor K., 27 – 6 – 2016 The rise and fall of great world cities: 5,700 years of urbanisation – mapped, Retrieved on 23 – 9 – 2016 from: https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2016/jun/27/rise-fall-great-world-cities-5700-years-urbanisation-mapped

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One thought on “Urbanisation

  1. You might like the fact that there will be more and more people moving to the cities. But do you think it brings possible dangers along the way?

    I’m almost sure this will bring dangers. These are some points I have found:
    • The environment is in danger. The more people in the city, the more exhaust gases, the more chemicals etc. This is bad for the ozon layer, which we need (Elten, 2011).
    • Another thing I found is that, because of the fact that there is more asphalt, the change of floods rises (Verstedelijking, 2016). When there is much rain the water can’t leave the bigger cities easily, and all this also has to do with the ozone layer again.
    • There aren’t a lot people living in the country sides eventually. Which we also need for food and welfare.
    • The elderly care giving, which I research for another feedback I gave (Schumacher, 2016). Because of the fact people studying and working in the city, the elderlies do not always get the care they need.
    • The life of animals is also in danger. (De negative gevolgen van verstening , 2015) Some nature reserves already disappeared, so cities could be built. These animals, do not know were to go instead, and they die. Eventually some of these animals we do also need to stay alive. So it isn’t only a danger for us but also for the animals.

    These are all examples of what already is happening because of urbanisation. these aren’t big things and it isn’t directly life threatening, but it is something we should take more care of. I think if the cities keep growing like they do now, these problems will keep growing and eventually these problems will grow. So my answer is: Yes, I think this will give more problems along the way.

    Sources
    De negative gevolgen van verstening . (2015, 02 09). Opgeroepen op 01 17, 2017, van Dier en natuur: http://dier-en-natuur.infonu.nl/milieu/150836-de-negatieve-gevolgen-van-verstening.html

    Elten, E. v. (2011, 07 29). Is Geschiedenis. Opgeroepen op 01 17, 2017, van Verstedelijking zorgt voor vooruitgang en voor problemen: http://www.isgeschiedenis.nl/nieuws/verstedelijking_zorgt_voor_vooruitgang_en_voor_problemen/

    Schumacher, J. (2016, 12 02). Vergrijzing en toenemende zorg. Opgeroepen op 01 17, 2017, van Zorg voor beter: http://www.zorgvoorbeter.nl/ouderenzorg/hervorming-zorg-cijfers-vergrijzing.html

    Verstedelijking. (2016, 12 15). Opgeroepen op 01 17, 2017, van Wikipedia: https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Verstedelijking

    Like

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